AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF TEACHERS OF TURKIC LANGUAGES
I. Name, Purpose, and
1. NAME. The organization
shall be known as the American Association of Teachers of Turkic
2. PURPOSE. The object of the
Association shall be to advance and improve the teaching of the
languages of the Turks; to promote study, criticism, and research in
the field of the languages and literatures of the Turks; and to
further the common interests of teachers of these subjects.
3. MEMBERS. The members of the
Association shall be such persons as may be admitted to membership in
the manner provided in Section I.5 hereof.
4. CLASSES OF MEMBERSHIP. There shall
be the following classes of membership in the Association:
(a) Regular members are persons who are professionally
interested in the language and/or literature of the Turks and are
entitled to vote.
(b) Student members are students of Turkic languages who are
formally engaged in a course of study at an institution of higher
learning leading to a degree in the field of the languages and/or
literatures of the Turks. They shall have all the rights, privileges,
and obligations of regular members except the right to vote.
(c) Institutional members are organizations interested in
supporting the purposes and goals of the Association by contributing
annually to its funds. They shall have the rights, privileges, and
obligations of regular members except the right to vote.
5. ADMISSION. Applicants satisfying
the conditions set out in I.4 hereof may be admitted to membership in
the Association in the appropriate class of membership, by action of
the Executive Board (see Section III) or in such manner as they may
direct. Admission to membership depends upon payment of annual dues.
The amount and manner of payment of the same shall be determined by
the Executive Board.
6. VOLUNTARY WITHDRAWAL. Any member
may withdraw from the Association on a date specified in a written
notice given by such member to the Secretary stating in substance
that such member desires to withdraw from the Association on such a
date. Upon the date so specified such member shall cease to be a
member of the Association and all his rights and obligations in
respect of the Association shall terminate except such obligations as
shall have accrued prior to the date so specified.
7. SUSPENSION AND TERMINATION OF
MEMBERSHIP. The membership in the Association of any member
may be suspended or terminated for nonpayment of dues, or for any
activity or behavior which the Executive Board in its direction may
deem contrary to the best interests of the Association, by resolution
of the Executive Board. Upon the adoption of such resolution all the
rights and obligations of such member in respect of the Association,
except such obligations as shall have accrued prior to such
suspension or termination, shall terminate. In cases of suspension,
the rights and obligations of the suspended member in respect of the
Association shall automatically revest in such manner at the
expiration of the period of suspension specified in the suspension
II. Meeting of Members
1. ANNUAL MEETING. The
annual meeting of the members of the Association for the transaction
of business as may properly come before such meeting shall be held at
such time and place as may be decided by the Executive Board.
2. SPECIAL MEETINGS. Special meetings
of the members of the Association may be called at any time by order
of the Executive Board of the Association; when so called, the
Secretary shall give notice thereof in the manner provided in Section
3. PLACE AND TIME OF MEETINGS. Each
meeting of members of the Association shall be held at the place and
time specified in the notice or waiver of notice thereof.
4. NOTICE OF MEETINGS. Except as at
the time otherwise expressly provided by statute, notice of each
meeting of the members of the Association shall be given to each
member of the Association not less than thirty days before the day on
which such meeting is to be held, by delivering a written notice
thereof to such member at the address of such member as it shall
appear on the records of the Association, provided that notice of any
meeting need not be given to any member if waived by such member
before or after such meeting in writing or by telegram.
5. QUORUM. Normally one-fourth of the
members of the Association entitled to vote shall be sufficient to
constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. In the absence
of a quorum at the annual meeting or any specially called meeting,
the Executive Board is empowered to authorize the transaction of
business by mail. A minimum of one-fourth of the membership must
respond in order to transact business by mail.
6. ORGANIZATION. At any meeting of
the members of the Association, in case of the President's absence or
his inability to act as chairman for the meeting, a chairman shall be
chosen by the majority of the Executive Board present. If no member
of the Executive Board is present, then a chairman for the meeting
shall be chosen by a majority of the members present and entitled to
vote. The Secretary shall act as the secretary of the meeting. In
case of the Secretary's absence or his inability to act, the person
whom the chairman of the meeting shall appoint as secretary of the
meeting shall act as such.
7. VOTING. At each meeting of the
members of the Association, each regular member present shall be
entitled to cast one vote on any and all matters which shall come
before the meeting. At each meeting of the members all matters shall
be decided by the affirmative vote of a majority of the regular
members of the Association present at such meeting and entitled to
vote at the meeting. A regular member is also entitled to vote by
absentee ballot on any previously announced matter coming before a
meeting at which he will not be present, provided that his ballot
reaches the Secretary no less than two weeks before the meeting. A
minimum of one-fourth of the membership must respond in a mail ballot
for the transaction of business. An affirmative vote by a majority of
those responding will decide all matters.
III. Executive Board
1. GENERAL DUTIES. The
property and affairs of the Association shall be managed by an
Executive Board, the members of which shall serve without
compensation. The Executive Board shall maintain liaison with such
other organizations as may have common interests with the Association
of Teachers of Turkic Languages. The Executive Board shall also
promote further activities as may seem pertinent, e.g., establish a
newsletter and/or journal.
2. NUMBER OF MEMBERS. The number of
members of the Executive Board of the Association shall not be less
than four nor more than eight not including the President. Within
such limits the number of members may be fixed or changed from time
to time at any meeting of the Association, provided that the notice
of such meeting sets forth the proposed change. Ex-officio members of
the Board will include the Executive Secretary- Treasurer.
3. TERM OF ELECTION. Members of the
Executive Board in office as of the date of adoption of these by-laws
shall be divided into three classes, each consisting of one-third or
as nearly as may be of the whole number of members of the Executive
Board. The members of the first class shall serve for an additional
term of one year, those of the second class for an additional term of
two years, and those of the third class for and additional term of
three years. In every case, each member shall continue to serve until
a successor is elected and qualified. The successors of those members
of the Executive Board whose terms then expire shall be elected by
members of the Association to serve for a three-year term and until
their successors are elected and qualified. Any vacancy in the
Executive Board resulting from any cause whatsoever may be filled by
the members of the Association at the first annual meeting held after
such vacancy shall occur or at a special meeting called for that
purpose. New members of the Executive Board take office immediately
following their election at the annual meeting.
4. MANNER OF ELECTION. There shall be
a Nominating Committee consisting of the President and two members
elected by the membership at the annual meeting from among those
present. The Nominating Committee shall nominate persons to be
presented for election to the Executive Board. The Committee shall
nominate two persons for each vacancy occurring in the Executive
Board. Balloting will be conducted by mail and the nominees receiving
the highest number of votes will be declared duly elected.
5. ANNUAL MEETING. The Executive
Board shall hold a meeting for the purpose of organization and
transaction of business at such time and place as may be decided by
the members of the Executive Board.
6. SPECIAL MEETINGS. Special meetings
of the Executive Board shall be called by the Executive
Secretary-Treasurer upon the request of the President or any two
members of the Board.
7. NOTICE OF SPECIAL MEETINGS. Notice
of special meetings of the Executive Board shall be given to each
member of the Board by mailing the same to his last known post office
address at least ten days before the meeting, or by telegraphing,
telephoning, or delivering same to him personally at least five days
before the meeting.
8. QUORUM. One-half of the members of
the Executive Board at the time in office shall constitute a quorum
for the transaction of business, but in the absence of a quorum a
majority of those present may take an adjournment from time to time
until a quorum shall be present.
9. RESIGNATION. Any members of the
Executive Board may resign at any time by giving written notice to
the Executive Board through the Secretary-Treasurer to the Executive
10. COMMITTEES. The President with
the approval of the Executive Board may appoint from time to time
such committees as may be deemed desirable in forwarding the program
of the Association, and each of such committees shall exercise such
powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by the President.
Members of such committees need not be members of the Executive Board
if the committee in question is not vested with a power or duty
normally considered a primary duty of the Executive Board.
1. NUMBER. The Executive
Board shall elect a President for a term of one year to be chosen
from among former members of the Executive Board who have remained
members of the Association. The Executive Board shall appoint
annually an Executive Secretary-Treasurer to serve as an ex-officio
member of the Board unless he is already a duly elected member of the
Board. The Executive Board shall have power at any time to created
additional offices and to elect additional officers. The Executive
Board is further authorized to appoint such officers as they may from
time to time determine, and to set the compensation, if any, of
appointed officers. The Secretary-Treasurer and other appointed
officers shall hold office at the pleasure of the Executive Board.
2. THE PRESIDENT. The President shall
preside at all meetings of the members of the Association and of the
Executive Board and may call any such meetings other than the annual
meeting of the members. The President shall appoint Conference
Program Chairmen to organize programs for the meetings of the
Association. The President shall have general supervision over the
affairs of the Association, subject however, to the control of the
Executive Board. He shall also have such other powers, and perform
such other duties, not inconsistent with this constitution, as may be
assigned to him from time to time by the Executive Board.
3. THE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY-TREASURER.
The appointee shall:
(a) be custodian of all records and documents of the
(b) notify all persons admitted to membership in the Association
of their admission;
(c) keep a record which shall contain the names and addresses of
the members of the Association;
(d) keep the minutes of all meetings of the Executive Board and of
members of the Association;
(e) have the care and custody of all funds and securities of the
(f) receive and give receipt for moneys due and payable to the
(g) deposit all moneys received by him in the name of the
Association in such banks, trust companies or other depositories as
from time to time may be designated by the Executive Board;
(h) have charge of the disbursement of the funds of the
Association in accordance with the directions of the members of the
(i) enter or cause to be entered regularly in books to be kept by
him or under his direction for that purpose full and accurate account
of all moneys received and paid by him on account of the Association;
(j) render a statement of his accounts to the Executive Board at
such times as it shall require the same;
(k) at all reasonable times exhibit the books of account of the
Association to any member of the Executive Board upon application;
(l) in general, perform all other duties incident to the office of
Executive Secretary-Treasurer, subject to the control of the
Executive Board and the President.
He shall have such powers and perform such other duties, not
inconsistent with this constitution, as may be assigned to him from
time to time by the Executive Board.
4. REMOVAL OR DELEGATION. All
officers elected or appointed by the Executive Board shall be subject
to removal at any time by the Board. In case of the absence of any
officer, or for other reason that may seem sufficient to the
Executive Board, the Board, may without removal, delegate his powers
and duties to any other officer for such period as may be deemed
5. RESIGNATION. Any officer may
resign at any time by giving written notice to the President of the
Executive Board of the Association.
V. Deposits, Checks, Contracts, etc.
1. DEPOSIT OF FUNDS. The
funds of the Association shall be deposited is such bands, trust
companies or other depositories as the Executive Board from time to
time may determine.
2. CHECKS, ETC. All checks, drafts,
endorsements, notes and evidences of indebtedness of the Association
shall be signed by such officer or officers of the Association and in
such manner as the Executive Board from time to time may determine.
Endorsements for deposits to the credit of the Association shall be
made in such manner as the Executive Board from time to time may
3. CONTRACTS. No contract, other than
ordinary course, may be entered into on behalf of the Association
unless and except as authorized by the Executive Board; and any such
authorization may be general or confined to specific instances.
4. TRANSFER OF SECURITIES. Any two of
the following persons, viz.: President, Secretary-Treasurer, or any
two persons designated by the Executive Board, shall have authority
to execute under seal such form of transfer and assignment as may be
customary or necessary to constitute a transfer of stocks, bonds, or
other securities standing in the name of or belonging to the
Association. A corporation or person transferring any such stocks,
bonds or other securities pursuant to a form of transfer or
assignment so executed shall be fully protected, and shall be under
no duty to inquire whether or not the Executive Board had taken
action in respect thereof.
VI. Offices of AATT
1. OFFICES. The office of
the Association of Teachers of Turkish shall be in the city and state
designated by the Executive Board. The Executive Board may establish
VII. Fiscal Provisions
1. FISCAL YEAR. The
fiscal year of the Association shall be the period July 1 to June 30
1. AMENDMENTS BY MEMBERS.
At any meeting at which one-fourth of the membership is present, this
constitution may be altered, amended, or repealed by a two-thirds
majority of the members present provided that the notice of the
meeting sets forth the proposed alteration, amendment or repeal.
1. RATIFICATION. This
constitution will become effective upon ratification by two-thirds of
the members of the Association present at the organizational meeting
which will be held in conjunction with the annual meeting of The
Middle East Studies Association to be held in New Orleans on November
X. Distribution of Earnings, etc.
1. DISTRIBUTION OF
EARNINGS. No part of the net earnings of the Association shall
inure to the benefit of, or be distributable to, its members,
trustees, officers, or other private persons, except that the
Association shall be authorized and empowered to pay reasonable
compensation for services rendered and to make payments and
distributions in furtherance of purposes set forth in Section I.
Article 2 hereof. No substantial part of the activities of the
Association shall be the carrying on of propaganda or otherwise
attempting to influence legislation, and the Association shall not
participate in, or intervene in (including the publishing or
distribution of statements) any political campaigns on behalf of any
candidate for public office. Notwithstanding any other provision of
these articles, the Association shall not carry on any other
activities not permitted to be carried on (a) by a corporation or
association exempt from Federal Income Tax under section 501 (c) (3)
of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (or the corresponding provision
of any future United States Internal Revenue Law), or (b) by a
corporation or association, contributions of which are deductible
under section 170 (c) (2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (or
the corresponding provision of any future United States Internal
XI. Distribution of Assets upon Dissolution
1. DISTRIBUTION OF ASSETS UPON
DISSOLUTION. Upon the dissolution of the Association, the
Executive Board shall, after paying or making provision of all of the
liabilities of the Association, dispose of the assets of the
Association exclusively for the purposes of the Association is such
manner, or to such organization or organizations organized and
operated exclusively for charitable, educational, religious, or
scientific purposes as shall at the time qualify as an exempt
organization for organizations under section 501 (c) (3) of the
Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (or corresponding provision of any
future United States Internal Revenue Law), as the Executive Board
shall determine. Any such assets not so disposed of shall be disposed
of by the Court of Common Pleas of the county in which the principle
office of the Association is then located, exclusively for such
purposes or to such organization or organizations, as said Court
shall determine, which are organized and operated exclusively for
The Association is organized exclusively for
charitable, educational and scientific purposes, including, for such
purposes, the making of distributions to organizations under section
501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code (or corresponding section of
any future Federal tax code).
Date of adoption August 31, 1990, by unanimous written consent.
AATT, by ballot September 1993, voted, with one
abstention, for a name change to include all languages of the Turks,
formally announced November 1993.